Winner of the Nobel Prize in physics 2020, for work on [[black hole]]s (singularities) he did with [[Stephen Hawking]] - Origin of our idea that the universe began with/as a singularity, i.e. the [[Big Bang]].
Originator of [[conformal cyclic cosmology]]
Mathematicians were trying to see how few tiles one would need to cover an infinite area where the pattern of tile combinations would nevere repeat. A chinese student got id down to a few thousand. Some other person got id down to a few hundred.
Penrose reduced it to... two.
His father knew M.C. Escher, and some images Escher did latere were inspired by / a collaboration with Sir Penrose and his father.